From Disney's Hollywood Studios Wiki
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Current revision as of 18:29, 23 July 2009
Pixar Animation Studios is a CGI animation production company most well known for it's feature films made with the Walt Disney Company. The company has received critical acclaim, including twenty-two Academy Awards, four Golden Globes, and three Grammys.
The decoration of Pixar Place, especially the sinage at the front, is based off of the actual Pixar Animation Studio in Emeryville, California.
The Block Party Bash features characters from Toy Story, A Bug's Life, Monsters, Inc., and The Incredibles.
Pixar characters, such as Luxo Jr. characters from Toy Story, Monsters Inc., The Incredibles, Cars, and Up, (formerly Ratatouille, and planned WALL-E) can be found in various locations around Disney's Hollywood Studios.
Characters from Toy Story and Monsters, Inc. were also featured in the Disney's Stars and Motor Cars Parade.
List of Films
- Toy Story, 1995
- A Bug's Life, 1998
- Toy Story 2, 1999
- Monsters, Inc., 2001
- Finding Nemo, 2003 (Most Financially Successful)
- The Incredibles, 2004
- Cars, 2006
- Ratatouille 2007
- WALL-E, 2008
- Up, 2009 (first in 3-D)
Toy Story 3, scheduled June 18, 2010
Pixar was founded in 1979 as the Graphics Group, part of the CG Division of Lucasfilm. The group began working on a program called Motion Doctor, which allowed traditional cel animators to use computer animation with minimal training. After working on some Lucasfilm productions, the group was purchased in 1986 by Steve Jobs, former head of Apple Computer, making the company independent.
Initially, Pixar was a high-end computer hardware company whose core product was the Pixar Image Computer, a system primarily sold to government agencies and the medical community. The Image Computer never sold well, although one of the leading buyers of Pixar Image Computers was Disney studios. As poor sales of Pixar's computers threatened to put the company out of business, Lasseter's animation department began producing computer-animated commercials for outside companies.
Disney and Pixar Together
In May of 1991, after substantial layoffs threatened the life of the group, Pixar signed the Feature Film Agreement with Disney to produce three computer-animated feature films through the year 2000, the first of which was Toy Story. The partnership called for Pixar to develop the films while Disney would pay all film development costs (except in some cases where the costs exceeded the budgeted amount). In addition, Disney was responsible for marketing and distributing the films. The agreement gave Pixar 15% of the gross revenue from the films and related products while Disney received the other 85%. The film went on to gross more than $350 million worldwide.
After the success of Toy Story, Pixar felt changes in the agreement were necessary, so that the Pixar name could be known as a world class Studio. Jobs realized that the first change needed was a bigger chunk of the profits. During 1996 Disney and Pixar negotiated a new partnership, called the Co-Production Agreement. Under this agreement, Pixar would produce 5 feature animation films over the following 10 years, and the companies would share equally in the production costs while Disney would pay for all marketing and distribution costs. Both companies would split 50-50 the profits from the films (after Disney recovered its marketing costs), sequels, home videos and other merchandise. In addition, Pixar would get equal branding on not only the films but all merchandise. Finally, Disney purchased 1 million shares of Pixar stock, with rights to acquire up to 5% of Pixar stock.
The end of the partnership
Pixar's first five feature films have collectively grossed more than $2.5 billion, equivalent to the highest per-film average gross in the industry. Though profitable for both, Pixar later complained that the arrangement was not equitable, because Disney exclusively owned all story and sequel rights which set the stage for a contentious relationship.
The two companies attempted to reach a new agreement in early 2004. Pixar wanted complete freedom to finance their films on independently and collect 100% of the profits, paying Disney only the 10 to 15 percent distribution fee. More importantly, as part of any distribution agreement with Disney, Pixar demanded control over films already in production under their old agreement, including The Incredibles and Cars. These conditions were unacceptable to Disney, but Pixar would not concede.
Bad blood between Steve Jobs and Disney Chairman and CEO Michael Eisner made the negotiations more difficult than they otherwise might have been, and by mid-2004, the negotiations had completely stopped. When Robert Iger took over as CEO, he began talking to Pixar again, but this time offering to purchase the company.
Pending this acquisition, the two companies created a distribution deal for the intended 2007 release of Ratatouille to ensure that if for any reason the acquisition fell through this one film would still be released through Disney's distribution channels. (In contrast to the earlier Disney/Pixar deal Ratatouille was to remain a Pixar property and Disney would have received only a distribution fee.)
On January 24, 2006, Disney announced that it had agreed to buy Pixar for approximately $7.4 billion in an all-stock deal. Following Pixar shareholder approval, the acquisition was completed on May 5, 2006. The transaction catapulted Steve Jobs, who was the majority shareholder of Pixar with 50.1%, to Disney's largest individual shareholder with 7% and a new seat on its board of directors. Jobs' new Disney holdings outpace holdings belonging to ex-CEO Eisner, the previous top shareholder who still held 1.7%, and Disney Director Emeritus Roy E. Disney who held almost 1% of the corporation's shares.
As part of the deal, John Lasseter, Pixar Executive Vice President and co-founder, became Chief Creative Officer (reporting to President and CEO Robert Iger and consulting with Disney Director Roy Disney) of both Disney and Pixar Animation Studios, as well as the Principal Creative Adviser at Walt Disney Imagineering. Catmull retained his position as President of Pixar, while also becoming President of Disney Studios, reporting to Bob Iger and Dick Cook, chairman of Walt Disney Studio Entertainment.
Other Disney References
Outside of DHS, other theme park attractions have included:
- Monster's Inc. Laugh Floor (Interactive Comedy Club Style Show)
- Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin (Shooting Game themed to Buzz Lightyear: Space Ranger)
- The Seas With Nemo and Friend (Large area including, Nemo themed Dark Ride, Interactive Show Crush's Turtle Talk, as well as a real aquarium with educational info and games about the fish)
- It's Tough to be a Bug (3-D show featuring Flik and Hopper from Bug's Life)
- Finding Nemo - The Musical (A Musical retelling of Finding Nemo)
- Buzz Lightyear's Astro Blaster (Same as Space Ranger Spin at WDW)
- Finding Nemo's Submarine Voyage (An underwater Adventure where search to find Nemo)
- It's Tough to Be a Bug
- Toy Story Midway Mania!
- Monster's Inc. Mike and Sulley to the Rescue (Monster's Inc. Dark Ride)
- "a bug's land" (Mini Carnival with Flik's Flyer Swing Ride, Francis' Ladybug Boogie Spinning Ride, Hemlich's Che Chew Train, Princess Dot's Puddle Park water play area, and Tuck and Roll's Drive'em Buggies Bumper Cars)
- Buzz Lightyear's Astro Blaster
- Monster's Inc. "Ride and Go Seek" (Search for Boo using Special Flashlights)
- Buzz Lightyear's Laser Blast (Same as Space Ranger Spin at WDW)
- Crush's Coaster (Finding Nemo Roller Coaster)
- Cars Race Rally (Cars Driving Ride)
- Buzz Lighyear's Astro Blaster